BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The Niger Delta area is the most fragile region in Nigeria. The presence of oil and gas in the region makes it the goose that lays the golden egg, thus making the region the center of economic and political activities in the country.
The Niger Delta was a foremost part of the area later to be called Nigeria and incorporated into the Atlantic world economy from the 16th century. Thus, the region developed a monetized economy and become ahead of contemporary developments in others part of the future Nigeria, leading to a substantial degree of prosperity and the development of a proud culture in the region. This rare feat constitutes the basis for the formation of own identity.
However, the struggle for self determination and proper distribution of resources among groups within the region and Nigerians ethnic group started with the formation and consolidation of the Nigeria colonial state from the 1940’s. This struggle became inevitable because Niger Delta is a dispersal of small ethnic groups which were force together with predatory and dominant majority ethnic groups.
This minority question was never addressed before Nigeria got her independence in 1960 despite The Henry Commission of 1956 that attempted to solve the issue of minority. The point here is to present a fact that the Niger Delta crisis is rooted in the foundation and structure of the Nigeria state. Over the years the question has contributed greatly to the emergence of violence in Niger Delta region over oil and mineral resources. The insurgency in Niger Delta whether oil or crude oil benefit bother on the foundation and structure of Nigeria state.
The aims and objectives of this study include:
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The Niger Delta question is an important discourse in Nigeria today. This is so because of the discovery of oil in the region, thus making the region the life wire of the country economy. Over the years resource has turn to serious issue as a result of the neglect of the region. The distribution and the development oil has led to violence and armed conflict between the people and the federal government.
The relevance of this study is to investigate into the genesis of the problem and provide a framework for a critical analysis of why it is important to ensure that the amnesty idea is the best possible solution to the resolution of the crisis. This work will provide first hand information for further research.
In the course of research for this work relevant data and information were obtained from the main sources. These were primary and secondary source.
Primary sources which were utilized in the course of the research for this work from archival research.Material was consulted at the Edo State Library, Benin City, Benin Institute of Studies, Benin City and the national archive at Ibadan.They include intelligence report other documents relating to this works.
Secondary source which consulted in some university and public libraries across the country include textbooks, journals and periodicals information obtained from primary sources. These sourced helped to provide data for a critical analysis of conflict management in the Niger Delta that will study Amnesty programme.
SCOPE OF STUDY
The scope of this study on conflict management in the Niger Delta: A case study of the Amnesty programme is limited to the genesis of the Niger Delta question on the struggle for equal distribution of resources which later manifested to oil and mineral resources control. Its manifestation took the shape of violence and insurgence that inevitably led to military option until amnesty programme.
STATEMENT OF THE HYPOTHESES
H0 : Crises in the Niger delta region does not significantly affect the nation’s economy.
H1 : Crises in the Niger delta region significantly affects the nation’s economy.H0 : The Niger Delta programs has not helped in addressing the Niger delta crises.
H0 : The Niger Delta programs has not helped in addressing the Niger delta crises.
H1 : The Niger Delta programs has helped in addressing the Niger delta crises.
H0: The military have not been effective in curbing the Niger delta crises.
H1: The military have been effective in curbing the Niger delta crises.
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