1.1.Background of the study
The effect of prices of petroleum products on food items and the economy of Nigeria cannot be over emphasized. Petroleum products range from aviation fuel to kerosene just to mention a few, this is solely due to the lack of diversification of the economy. 85% of Nigeria gross domestic product (GDP) is being accounted for by the petroleum sector (Mahmud 2009). Before the discovery of crude oil in the early 70’s, agriculture was the main driver of the economy which has helped in the country’s development in these periods, there was hardly any incident to hike of products and services. The price stability of food items is of utmost importance to every nation that wants to witness growth; this is because it is only a healthy workforce that can give out their best in terms of work and productivity. Overtime there may have been some arguments about the relationship between petroleum prices and price index of food items. Some school of thought opined that prices of petroleum prices has nothing to do with prices of food items, questioning the agricultural stakeholders and traders for massive exploitation during price instability of petroleum products while the other school of thoughts are of the opinion that petroleum products does affect the prices of food items. Petroleum is believed to have an enormous bad wagon effect on the economy and even agricultural products this normally occurs in the economies of the West Africa sub-region which isn’t often diversified. For any oil producing nation that doesn’t want to know poverty of its masses then they must have to diversify their economy so as to prevent crises in one sector of the economy spilling over to the other sectors.
Food items are an essential commodity for a healthy nation, the supply of food to any nation must be done without any form of compromise as anything less than an adequate planning will lead to shortage in food supply which could affect the economy of the nation. Every meaningful government should always ensure that adequate food supply remains untouched as such shouldn’t be affected by either petroleum
1.2.Statement of the general problem
The fluctuation of agricultural food items in Nigeria has been a concern for some time now which is not good for a growing economy like ours. A nation that plays with its agricultural sector is a nation that would encounter shortage of food supply which may not pan out for a populous country like Nigeria. The problem of hike of food items each time there is a little change in the prices of petroleum items has led us to this study.
1.3.Significance of the study
This study would be useful to policy makers, researchers on the economy of the nation and above all the Nigerian government in tackling food scarcity in Nigeria thereby ensuring food security in Nigeria.
1.4.Aims and objectives of the study
H0: there is no significant relationship between the prices of petroleum products and the prices of food items.
H1: there is a significant relationship between the prices of petroleum products and the prices of food items.
1.7.Scope of the study
This study is on the analysis on the prices of petroleum on the price of the food items from 1999-2013.
1.8.Limitations of the study
Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection.
Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
1.9.Definition of terms
Adebimpe, B. (2004), “The Impact of Oil on Nigeria‟s Economic Policy Formulation” Paper presented at the Conference on Nigeria: Maximizing pro-poor growth; regenerating the Socio-economic Database. 16th/17th June, 2004.
Ajetomobi, J. O., Ayanwale, B. A. and S. O. Binuomote (2007) Economic effect of Developments Aid in Nigeria: A Cointegration Analysis. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences 4(1) 1992- 1997.
Akpan, E. O. (2009) “Oil Price Shocks and Nigeria‟s Macro Economy” Paper presented at CSAE Conference, Oxford University, Oxford, UK. 21st - 23rd March, 2009.46
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